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Home World F.B.I. Is Working in Haiti to Recover Kidnapped Missionaries

F.B.I. Is Working in Haiti to Recover Kidnapped Missionaries

They are also embittered about the legacy of foreign interventions, particularly of the United Nations peacekeeping mission that was deployed in Haiti before, during and after the 2010 earthquake. A Nepalese contingent of that force introduced a devastating cholera epidemic to Haiti, and the United Nations never provided compensation to the victims and their families.

Many Haitians also harbor resentment over the failure of a peacekeeping mission, known by its French acronym, Minustah, to make their country safer and more stable before its mandate ended more than three years ago.

“The vast majority of Haitians don’t like foreign military intrusions, especially given the failed intervention of the U.N.,” said Robert Fatton Jr., a professor in the Department of Politics at the University of Virginia who was born and raised in Haiti and has written several books about the country. “When they left there was nothing.”

On the other hand, Mr. Fatton said, “the police in Haiti are completely dysfunctional now — the gangs have taken over Port-au-Prince, and they are probably better equipped than the police.”

Laurent Lamothe, a former prime minister of Haiti, told CNN in an interview Monday that “the spiral of violence is unprecedented.”

When the U.N.’s peacekeeping mission left in 2018, Mr. Lamothe said, it left a “huge security void,” with a police force not capable of fighting the gangs or bringing Haiti under control. He said the Biden administration should “reinforce the Haiti national police with supplies and equipment.”

A successor mission to Minustah, known as the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti, has no peacekeeping or security role. Its purpose is primarily to provide guidance to the Haitian authorities, including on ways to improve political stability in the country. Its mandate, which was to expire on Friday, was extended until July by the United Nations Security Council.

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